Precautions against Foot and Mouth Disease Introduction into Feedlots
Erect an entrance sign:
Bio Security Area
No Unauthorized Access By Vehicle or Pedestrian.
(English, Afrikaans and local vernacular language).
Disinfect all vehicle wheels on entry to feedlot area.
Products to use include
· Vinegar 70% solution
· Sodium Bicarbinate 4% solution
Explain to all employees the threats of an outbreak.
Limit access by Visitors and Vehicles. Visitors should be seen by appointment only to avoid people just arriving at the feedlot
All visitors to go to reception before entering the feedlot. Must fill in form confirming they have not been in FMD area
No visitors to have any access to livestock whatsoever.
No farmers, auctioneers, student groups or other feedlot visitors.
No visitor who has been in KZN in the last seven (7) days.
All visiting feedlot consultants to wear protective clothing supplied by feedlot.
Avoid KZN north of N3 and east of N11.
Avoid auction sales bordering KZN.
Purchase only animals that are branded (can be traced). Producers must certify ownership and verify that cattle were longer than 30 days on the premises
Request auctioneers to state before sale that animals do not originate from KZN.
Do not purchase any animals vaccinated against foot and mouth and that are branded KF on the right hand side of the neck
Avoid use of contractors.
Disinfect all trucks, own and contractors, before calves are loaded.
Ensure trucks follow direct route to feedlot.
No strangers to be transported on trucks.
Disinfect trucks returning from abattoirs.
Keep new arrivals separate, initially between 7 - 10 days. Incubation period is 2-6 days
Ensure all purchases can be traced to source.
Inspect each calf at processing for clinical symptoms.
Clinical signs will include:
· Excessive salivation
· More or less round blisters on the dental pad followed by the tongue and gums
· Blisters and sores may occur in the nose and on the muzzle, teats , skin of the udder and coronet and between the hooves
Report suspect cases and quarantine immediately to consulting Veterinarian.
Avoid hay bales from KZN region north of N3 and east of N11.
Avoid second hand feed bags especially jute bags.
Request your Veterinarian to demonstrate to all feedlot staff how and where to identify clinical symptoms.
All animals entering hospitals to be inspected for symptoms. Any suspect case must be isolated together with any in contact animals immediately and the state veterinarian informed as well as your consultant/veterinarian
Sterilize the person`s clothes if any contact was made.